Learning Selenium Testing Tools with Python, Packt Publishing. Did you know that Packt offers eBook versions of every book published, with PDF and ePub. PDF - Selenium Testing Tools Cookbook. Web technologies are becoming increasingly complex and there is a need to test your web applications against a vast. Python & Java. Contribute to sindwerra/Still-need-to-learn-yige development by creating an account on GitHub.

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Posts about download Selenium Testing Tools Cookbook PDF written by glorytotesting. Selenium Testing Tools Cookbook Second Edition Over 90 recipes to help you build and run Learning Selenium Testing Tools with Python - All IT eBooks. - Download as PDF File .pdf), Text File Selenium provides a record/playback tool for authoring tests without learning a.

Selenium does not have special mechanism for working with DDT. What kind of tests does selemiun support? Selemiun supports variety tests cases: This is development approach when we separate tests data and login codes. You can use another libraries for it.

One another problem is working with AJAX. What kind of problems do you have when using Selenium? Another problem is appear in dynamic generation IDs. What is Page Object Pattern? How is it used in Selenium? This pattern is used in automation tests overall.

Selenium Testing Tools Cookbook – Second Edition

What is DDT and how is it supported in Selenium? DDT is the data tests. What is HtmlUnitDriver? HtmlUnitDriver is web driver which is used HtmlUnit engine. What is Selenium Remote Control? It is the test tool for web apps. It can. It uses injecting JavaScript to browser for testing. How can you configure the Selenium Grid? You can do in two ways: Can you use navigations browser menu in Selenium tests?

It means that you can use it in commercial products free without paing any charge. This tests table does not support the loops. Another thing is Selenium supports many programming languages: What is Selenese? After you recorded the user activities. Can you run the load tests by Selenium? Selenium IDE generates the code. How can you save the tests result? You can take the screen shot if tests fail or you can store the testing result to database by JDBC.

What kind of browsers can be executed the tests by Selenium? Because it is expense to open the multiple browser at the same time. What kind of disadvantages does Selenium IDE have? After you recorded the user activates Selenium IDE generates the case tests tables. It is the faster web driver in Selenium. You need to use Selenium Server and configure the necessary securities environments. You can handle it with the following code: What advantages does Selenium have for compare with another web testing tools?

Selenium is distributed by Apache 2.

TestNG and similar libraries Can you use Selenium in commercial product? Of course this is not all. Selenium Programming Cookbook 4. It has the follow flow process. First we pass the tests to hub which send this tests to specific nodes where all tests will be executed.

We are going to run the hub server and the two nodes. It offers you to run your selenium test on separate machines in different kinds environments. This is great opportunities. Each nodes will run the tests in different browsers. Selenium Grid are the servers which compounds in distributed nodes. This keys are used for configuration the instance server. The hub server is run on port by default. Will listen on Selenium Grid consists only from one JAR file. We should run this jar with the key -h that to print help information on screen.

This jar has the good help information. It means the this instance will be the hub server. First of all we should run this jar with key -role hub.

Launching Selenium Grid hub Logging initialized ms Such architecture can be scaled easily. Started o. Selenium Grid. High level architecture So all tests and nodes can be located on different machines. It will be taken all receiving tests and distributed to the specific nodes server. Driver class not found: OperaDriver is not re gistered It can be done with key -role node as shown below.

Selenium Grid node is up and ready to register to the hub Started ms Built from revision 41bccdd Driver provider com. Now we can run the new node instance with this configurations. Launching a Selenium Grid node OperaDriver It can have any appropriate name. Firstly we should create the file which has the name. Will try to register ever y ms. We use -nodeConfig that to point which config file to use. Windows 7 6. Nodes should register to https: The same time we should point where is located our hub server by key -hub https: Oracle Corporation Starting auto registration thread.

Registering the node to the hub: Selenium Grid hub is up and running The secondary step is to run the node instance. OperaDriver is not re. The node is registered to the hub and ready to use How you can see above the configuration process can be done by adding the keys in command line. Will try to register ever INFO.

All tests will be executed in this instance in this case. Single Selenium Instance. Selenium Programming Cookbook gistered Figure 5. Chrome Config. The node is registered to the hub and ready to use Sometimes you can need only one instance server.

Program Files x86 GoogleChromeApplicatio nchrome. We set the properties: For this reason you should run the selenium server without keys. Another good opportunities are configure special browsers.

You should see somethings similar: Then the node opens this browser and starts to do the tests. It can look like below: Chrome selenium tests 5. In this example. JUnit is a unit testing framework for the Java programming language.

Selenium IDE is the Firefox add-ons. Selenium is tools for building automation tests. It does not mean that you should write all codes only on JavaScript.

After you install this plugin. Selenium supports all most popular programming languages: When Selenium executes the test. Selenium can be used only for testing web applications. This plugin is supported only by Firefox. Selenium IDE has all functionality to write. Ruby and so. Plugins page for Selenium IDE. In this case.

site has the advanced search functions. Base view of Selenium IDE Then you need to turn the record button on and start to navigate in the necessary web site. It is the good example to show most useful abilities to test web apps by Selenium IDE. Recourd user cases Now we are ready to export this recorded test cases into your favorite programming. Export to Java with JUnit structures 6. We will create this new project from default archetype by this follows command mvn -B archetype: Build the new project Now.

Import to Eclipse Next. In my case.

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You should put this file to test directory. Exported Java code How you can see this code is highlighted by Selenium. Run tests 6. If you want to get more information about this framework. Selenium and JUnit.

Selenium Programming Cookbook 6. Below you can see the highly level architecture. It has few benefits: Selenium Grid is one of tool from Selenium framework.

It uses the separate nodes. It is the distributed system for execution tests. We are going to install and configure the Selenium Grid.

It is the daunting task to reduce the tests executions time. Selenium team offers the great solutions for it. High level 7. Below you can see the download page: Selenium testing tools cookbook 1. No part of this book may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, except in the case of brief quotations embedded in critical articles or reviews.

Every effort has been made in the preparation of this book to ensure the accuracy of the information presented. However, the information contained in this book is sold without warranty, either express or implied. Neither the author, nor Packt Publishing, and its dealers and distributors will be held liable for any damages caused or alleged to be caused directly or indirectly by this book.

Packt Publishing has endeavored to provide trademark information about all of the companies and products mentioned in this book by the appropriate use of capitals. However, Packt Publishing cannot guarantee the accuracy of this information.

First published: November Production Reference: ISBN www. Unmesh has architected functional test automation projects using industry standard, in-house and custom test automation frameworks along with leading commercial and open source test automation tools. Presently he is working as Test Architect with a multinational company in Pune, India. We would be remiss if we did not thank all of the people who helped make this book a reality.

This includes the wonderful people at Packt Publishing, in particular Usha Iyer — Acquisition Editor, who proposed that I write this book. I'm grateful for all the help I got from the editorial staff at Packt Publishing in reviewing this book, particularly, Azharuddin Sheikh, Sonali Tharwani, Mayur Hule, Veronica Fernandes, Prashant Salvi, and especially Yashodhan Dere — Project Coordinator, who coordinated the progress of this book, by ensuring that I stayed on track.

This book has benefited a lot from a great team of technical reviewers. I'd like to thank each of them for volunteering their time reviewing drafts of this book and providing valuable feedback — Dave Hunt who is Selenium contributor, for his insight into some key areas; Vamsi Chandra for making sure the code samples for all chapters work by executing each and every sample; and Tarun Kumar for his early feedback.

I would like to thank my wife Punam, for supporting me while I was writing this book and making sure I did things on time, and my friends and colleagues at work for supporting me for all these years. Finally, a big thanks to Selenium Development and User Community for building this wonderful tool.

About the Reviewers V. He has worked in various sectors in Everlution Ltd. The company also delivers web-based products. I would like to thank Mr. Unmesh Gundecha for this wonderful and exciting opportunity to reveal my thoughts in my own platform and to explore a bit beyond technologies.

I am also thankful to the team for supporting and communicating fully to achieve this success. Dave Hunt lives in Kent, UK with his wife and young son.

He has always had a passion for turning mundane tasks into one-click solutions, and when he discovered Selenium back in , his career in software testing and automation development was sealed. He works from home for Mozilla Corporation, where he assists teams in creating automated tests for their projects — ranging from Mozilla's web properties to the Firefox web browser and Thunderbird e-mail client.

You can upgrade to the eBook version at www. Get in touch with us at service packtpub. At www.

PacktLib is Packt's online digital book library. Here, you can access, read and search across Packt's entire library of books. Why Subscribe? Simply use your login credentials for immediate access. I would like to dedicate this book to my parents, who have raised me to be the person I am today and to my loving wife Punam for giving me the support and encouragement to write this book! Table of Contents Preface 1 Chapter 1: Locating Elements 7 Introduction 7 Using browser tools for inspecting elements and page structure 8 Locating an element using the findElement method 14 Locating elements using findElements method 19 Locating links 20 Locating elements by tag name 21 Locating elements using CSS selectors 22 Locating elements using XPath 26 Locating elements using text 31 Locating elements using advanced CSS selectors 32 Using jQuery selectors 35 Locating table rows and cells 37 Locating child elements in a table 39 Chapter 2: Controlling the Test Flow 73 Introduction 74 Synchronizing a test with an implicit wait 74 Synchronizing a test with an explicit wait 76 Synchronizing a test with custom-expected conditions 78 Checking an element's presence 81 Checking an element's status 82 Identifying and handling a pop-up window by its name 84 Identifying and handling a pop-up window by its title 86 Identifying and handling a pop-up window by its content 88 Handling a simple JavaScript alert 90 Handling a confirm box alert 93 Handling a prompt box alert 95 Identifying and handling frames 96 Identifying and handling frames by their content 99 Working with IFRAME Chapter 4: Extending Selenium Introduction Creating an extension class for web tables Creating an extension for the jQueryUI Tab widget Implementing an extension for the WebElement object to set the element attribute values Implementing an extension for the WebElement object to highlight elements Creating an object map for Selenium tests Capturing screenshots of elements in the Selenium WebDriver Comparing images in Selenium Chapter 7: Preface This book will help you in learning advanced techniques for testing web applications with Selenium WebDriver API and related tools.

In this book you will learn how to test web applications effectively and efficiently with Selenium WebDriver on desktops, mobile web browsers, and in a distributed environment.

This book covers design patterns such as data-driven testing, page objects, and object map for designing a highly maintainable and reliable test automation framework. NET, and Capybara. This book also covers techniques to extend Selenium for your specific needs. There are more than 90 recipes that you can use to build or extend your existing test automation framework.

What this book covers Chapter 1, Locating Elements, introduces you to locator techniques supported by Selenium WebDriver, for locating elements on pages in your web applications. We can also implement custom locator strategies for locating elements.

Book Description

We will explore API and investigate advanced user interactions for performing complex mouse and keyboard operations, working with various types of UI elements used in web applications. The tenants of good test automation are robustness, reliability, recovery from unexpected events, and unhandled execution. This chapter covers recipes on handling synchronization with implicit and explicit waits, multiple windows, and pop-ups and alerts that are displayed during the test execution.

Preface 2 Chapter 4, Data-driven Testing, introduces the data-driven testing approach, a widely used methodology in test automation. Selenium WebDriver does not have built-in features to support data driven testing. This chapter provides tips on building testing frameworks using Page Object model. This chapter covers some of the important recipes in extending Selenium WebDriver for various practical scenarios such as supporting custom UI controls, capturing images of elements, and performing image-based verifications.

Chapter 8, Client-side Performance Testing, demonstrates how to measure client-side performance with Selenium WebDriver. Client-side performance can be measured in different ways with Selenium WebDriver. We can use tools such as dynaTrace and HttpWatch, along with Selenium WebDriver to collect, measure, and monitor client-side performance of web applications. NET, and Castro in Python. NET for.

NET, and Capybara for Ruby. This chapter is not present in the book but is available as a free download from http: Preface 3 Distributed Testing with Selenium Grid, demonstrates how to set up a distributed test environment with Selenium Grid. We will add nodes with various browser and operating system combinations.

We will run tests in parallel using TestNG, which helps in reducing the time of test execution and increases the test coverage. What you need for this book You will need the following software to follow the recipes in this book: AutoIt and Sikuli ff Video capture tools: JDK 1. This book also provides examples for C , Python, and Ruby users. Preface 4 Conventions In this book, you will find a number of styles of text that distinguish between different kinds of information.

Here are some examples of these styles, and an explanation of their meaning. Code words in text are shown as follows: Words that you see on the screen, in menus or dialog boxes for example, appear in the text like this: Tips and tricks appear like this. Preface 5 Reader feedback Feedback from our readers is always welcome.

Let us know what you think about this book—what you liked or may have disliked. Reader feedback is important for us to develop titles that you really get the most out of. To send us general feedback, simply send an e-mail to feedback packtpub. If there is a topic that you have expertise in and you are interested in either writing or contributing to a book, see our author guide on www. Customer support Now that you are the proud owner of a Packt book, we have a number of things to help you to get the most from your download.

Downloading the example code You can download the example code files for all Packt books you have downloadd from your account at http: If you downloadd this book elsewhere, you can visit http: Errata Although we have taken every care to ensure the accuracy of our content, mistakes do happen.

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At Packt, we take the protection of our copyright and licenses very seriously. If you come across any illegal copies of our works, in any form, on the Internet, please provide us with the location address or website name immediately so that we can pursue a remedy.

Please contact us at copyright packtpub. We appreciate your help in protecting our authors, and our ability to bring you valuable content. Questions You can contact us at questions packtpub. This boils down to the test tool's ability to recognize various GUI elements effectively. Selenium WebDriver provides one of the advanced techniques for locating elements on web pages. Locating Elements 8 In this chapter, we will explore more on how to use locator strategies by starting with ID, Name, and Class.

This makes the application more testable and conforms to accessibility standards. However, following these practices is not always possible. Using browser tools for inspecting elements and page structure Before we start exploring locators, we need to analyze the page and elements to understand how these are structured in the application, what properties or attributes are defined for the elements, how JavaScript or AJAX calls are made from the application, and so on.

Browsers render visual elements of the application for end users by hiding the HTML code and other resources. When we want to automate interaction with the application using Selenium WebDriver, we need to look carefully at the background code written to render pages and elements in browsers.

We need to identify information such as attribute values and elements structure for locating elements and perform user actions using Selenium WebDriver API. Here is an example of a BMI Calculator application page and HTML code written to render this page in a browser as displayed in the following screenshots: Chapter 1 9 You can view the code written for a page by right-clicking in the browser window and selecting the View Page Source option from the pop-up menu.

This will display the HTML code of the page in a separate window. This might look messy and difficult to understand. We need special tools that can display this information in a structured and easy to understand format.

In this recipe we will briefly explore few of these tools before we dive into locators. How to do it In the following sections we will explore some of the tools which are in-built in browsers and plugins to analyze elements and page structure. Inspecting pages and elements with Firefox using Firebug add-in The newer versions of Firefox provide in-built ways to analyze the page and elements; however, we will use the Firebug add-in which has more powerful features.

You need to install the Firebug add-in in Firefox from https: Locating Elements 10 To inspect an element from the page, move the mouse over the desired element and right-click to open the pop-up menu. Select the Inspect Element with Firebug option as shown in the following screenshot: Chapter 1 11 Firebug provides various other debugging features. For this, select the desired element in the tree and right-click and select Copy XPath or Copy CSS Path option from the pop-up menu as shown in the following screenshot: Inspecting pages and elements with Google Chrome Google Chrome provides an in-built feature to analyze pages and elements.

This is very similar to Firebug. You can move the mouse over a desired element on the page and right-click to open the pop-up menu, then select Inspect element option. This will open Developer Tools in the browser, which displays information similar to that of Firebug, as shown in the following screenshot: Locating Elements 12 Chrome Developer Tools also provide a feature where you can get XPath for an element by right-clicking on the desired element in the tree and selecting the Copy XPath option from the pop-up menu.

Inspecting pages and elements with Internet Explorer Similar to Google Chrome, Microsoft Internet Explorer also provides an in-built feature to analyze pages and elements. To open the Developer Tools, press the F12 key. The Developer Tools section will be displayed as shown in the following screenshot: Chapter 1 13 To inspect an element, click on the pointer icon and hover over the desired element on the page.

Developer Tools will highlight the element with a blue outline and display the HTML code in a tree as shown in the following screenshot: How it works Browser Developer Tools come in handy during test development.

These tools will help you in finding the locator details for elements. These tools parse the code for a page and display the information in a hierarchal tree.

Some of these tools also provide the ability to run JavaScript code for debugging and testing. In the following recipes we will explore various types of locators that are supported by Selenium WebDriver and these tools will help you in finding and deciding various locator strategies or methods provided by Selenium WebDriver API.

The findElement method returns a WebElement object based on a specified search criteria or throws up an exception if it does not find any element matching the search criteria. The findElements method returns a list of WebElements matching the search criteria.

If no elements are found, it returns an empty list. Find methods take a locator or query object as an instance of By class as an argument.

Selenium WebDriver provides By class to support various locator strategies. The following table lists various locator strategies supported by Selenium WebDriver: FindElement By. Locating elements using id, name, or class attributes is the preferred way to find elements. Let's try using these methods to locate elements as described in the following sections.

Finding elements by the ID attribute Using the id attribute is the most preferable way to locate elements on a page. The W3C standard recommends that developers provide an id attribute for elements that are unique to each element. Having a unique id attribute provides a very explicit and reliable way to locate elements on the page.

While processing the DOM, browsers use id as the preferred way to identify the elements and this provides the fastest locator strategy. Let's now look at how to use id attributes for locating elements on a login form. Chapter 1 17 Downloading the example code You can download the example code files for all Packt books you have downloadd from your account at http: To locate the User Name and Password fields, we can use the id attribute in the following way: You might find multiple elements with similar name attributes and in such a case, the first element on the page with the specified value will be selected, which may not be the element you are looking for.

This may cause the test to fail. When building a testable application, you should recommend that the developers add the id attribute for key elements as well as other unique attributes to enable the easy location of elements. Locating Elements 18 Finding elements by the Class attribute Apart from using the id and name attributes, you can also use the class attribute to locate elements.

The class attribute is provided to apply CSS to an element. You don't have anything in your cart right now. This book is an incremental guide that will help you learn and use the advanced features of the Selenium toolset including the WebDriver API in various situations to build a reliable test automation.

You start off by setting up the test development environment and gain tips on the advanced locater strategy and the effective use of the Selenium WebDriver API. After that, the use of design patterns such as data - driven tests and PageFactory are demonstrated. You will then be familiarised with extending Selenium WebDriver API by implementing custom tasks and setting up your own distributed environment to run tests in parallel for cross-browser testing.

Finally, we give you some tips on integrating Selenium WebDriver with other popular tools and testing mobile applications. By the end of this book, you will have learned enough to solve complex testing issues on your own. Unmesh Gundecha has over 16 years, experience in Agile software development, test automation, and DevOps methodologies. He is an Agile, open source, and DevOps evangelist with extensive experience in a diverse set of tools and technologies.

He has extensive hands-on experience in building sustainable and repeatable test automation solutions for web and mobile platforms, APIs, and CLI apps with continuous integration and delivery pipelines, using best-of-breed open source and commercial tools to do so. Sign up to our emails for regular updates, bespoke offers, exclusive discounts and great free content. Log in. My Account. Log in to your account.

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Selenium Testing Tools Cookbook, 2nd Edition

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Subscription About Subscription Pricing Login. Features Free Trial. Search for eBooks and Videos. Over 90 recipes to help you build and run automated tests for your web applications with Selenium WebDriver. Are you sure you want to claim this product using a token?

Unmesh Gundecha October Quick links: What do I get with a Packt subscription? What do I get with an eBook? What do I get with a Video? Frequently bought together. Learn more Add to cart.You can move the mouse over a desired element on the page and right-click to open the pop-up menu, then select Inspect element option. The node is registered to the hub and ready to use How you can see above the configuration process can be done by adding the keys in command line.

Selenium Grid is one of tool from Selenium framework. We will verify contents of this string for correctness. There are more than 90 recipes that you can use to build or extend your existing test automation framework. By passing the name of the attribute to the getAttribute method, it returns the value of the attribute back to the test.

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